The first signs of pregnancy - how to recognize them?

Diarrhoea, nausea, mood swings? If you having been feeling different for some time, you may be pregnant. Find out what may mean that your family will grow.

The first signs of pregnancy are easily confused with indigestion, colds, weakness or PMS. It is worth taking a closer look at them to make them easier to recognize.

No menstruation
The first symptoms of pregnancy may appear as early as 10 days after conception. A characteristic symptom of pregnancy is the absence of a period. However, despite your pregnancy, you may experience a bleeding known as implantation spotting during the expected period. It is not as heavy as your period, but it can confuse you.
If you are late in your period, it is worth going to the pharmacy for a pregnancy test to confirm your suspicions about the expected pregnancy.

Nausea
This usually occurs in the morning but can bother you at different times of the day and most mothers-to-be complain about them.

Morning sickness is a very common pregnancy symptom. They are caused by hormonal changes in your body (high levels of gonadotropin - HCG). After 16 weeks of pregnancy, the nausea usually disappears. You may find that you are among those lucky women who do not suffer from nausea at all, but you may also suffer from it throughout your pregnancy. Each woman behaves differently when pregnant and there is no golden rule.

Ways to deal with morning sickness:
• Have a snack by your bedside and eat it before getting up. Prepare crisp bread, rusks, biscuits or a banana.
• Drinking non-carbonated water. You can add lemon juice to the water. Drink slowly in small sips, often and not too much at once.
• Try ginger. It is known to alleviate nausea. You can add a few slices to hot water or tea.
• Take healthy snacks with you. Apples, nuts and almonds can help in emergencies. An empty stomach and a drop in sugar in the body can make you sick.
• Eat little and often. Don't get very hungry, but also don't overeat.
• Avoid eating at night.

Usually, vomiting has no effect on the pregnancy. However, you may suffer from so-called incontinence vomiting and it can be very debilitating to your body. Hospitalization may be necessary if vomiting does not go away.

Breast hypersensitivity and pain
Breast pain is a common symptom of approaching menstruation, but it can also herald pregnancy. The breasts can now be enlarged and softer, more sensitive to touch, as the increase in hormone levels affects the breast tissue.
The milk ducts also begin to develop in the breasts. Your breasts will feel fuller throughout your pregnancy, including while breastfeeding. Your bra size may even double.

Sleepiness and fatigue
Your fatigue and lack of energy is caused by the increased amount of progesterone - a female hormone whose task is to prepare the uterus for the implantation of the egg. Pregnancy is a very big effort for the body, and the changes that take place in the future mother's body significantly affect her condition. Progesterone is needed for the maintenance and proper development of pregnancy and prevents premature birth. Its high level slows down digestion, lowers blood pressure, and from the first days of pregnancy, it may contribute to your constant fatigue and sleepiness. This condition usually ends in the second trimester of pregnancy.

Mood swings
If you are laughing in one moment and then moved in a another because of a margarine ad, this could be a signal that you are pregnant. Annoyance and strong emotions can stay with you for most of your pregnancy. The mood swing is influenced by a high concentration of progesterone and it is the increased supply that gives the side effects in the form of strong uncontrolled emotional reactions. Your diet also influences changes in moods later in pregnancy, so remember to keep your mood well-balanced.

No appetite
You may lose your appetite in the early stages of pregnancy. Nausea and hormones reduce appetite. If you don't feel like eating, you may be in early pregnancy, but at this stage, lack of appetite is nothing to worry about. In the first trimester, the increase in caloric demand is small and amounts to about 300 kcal per day.

Hypersensitivity to odors
In early pregnancy, you can be exceptionally sensitive to smells, even those that you liked and have been pleasant can irritate you. The reason for this is probably the natural protection against ingestion of something that could harm the foetus. For this reason, often the smell of alcohol, cigarette smoke, perfume, exhaust fumes or coffee can become unbearable.

Frequent urination
The uterus grows and presses the bladder, which is why you have to go to the toilet more often. About 3 weeks after conception, you may begin to experience an increased urge to urinate, which usually passes by the first semester. The uterus rises after some time, minimizing the pressure on the bladder. Towards the end of pregnancy, the problem may arise again when the baby presses on the mother's bladder.

If you suspect that you are pregnant, buy a pregnancy test available at any pharmacy, it can usually detect pregnancy as early as two weeks after conception. If the test confirms your suspicions, make an appointment with a gynaecologist. If not, and you are experiencing symptoms that indicate pregnancy - repeat the test after a few days. If you don't want to wait, you can have a blood test at the clinic to confirm that you're pregnant.